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tech:others:mounting_usb_drive_in_ubuntu [2018/08/26 06:28] (current)
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 +====== Steps followed for Ubuntu server ======
 +===== Simple Mount =====
 +  * One time creation of mount point
 +    * <​code>​sudo mkdir /​media/​usb_drive1</​code>​
 +  * Check device assignment using
 +    * <​code>​fdisk -l</​code>​
 +    * Typically you may get something like /dev/sdc1 as the new USB drive
 +  * Assuming the USB drive is NTFS, Mount NTFS USB drive using the command:
 +    * <​code>​ntfs-3g /dev/sdc1 /​media/​usb_drive1</​code>​
 +  * Assuming the USB drive is FAT32:
 +    * <​code>​mount -t vfat /dev/sdc1 /​media/​usb_drive1</​code>​
 +  * Assuming the USB drive is ext4:
 +    * <​code>​mount /dev/sdc1 /​media/​usb_drive1</​code>​
 +  * To use drive
 +    * <​code>​cd /​media/​usb_drive1</​code>​
 +  * To remove (unmount) USB do an
 +    * <​code>​eject /​media/​usb_drive1</​code>​
 +    * or
 +    * <​code>​eject /​dev/​sdc1</​code>​
 +
 +===== Permanently mount the USB drive =====
 +  * Use gparted (GUI) 
 +    * To [[http://​www.unixmen.com/​how-to-format-usb-properly-in-linux/​|format]] new USB drive as ext4
 +    * Label the drive
 +  * Create a mount location
 +    * <​code>​mkdir /​media/​usb_drive1</​code>​
 +  * Confirm Block Device assignment
 +    * <​code>​fdisk -l</​code>​
 +    * In this example the drive is sdc1
 +  * Mount
 +    * <​code>​mount /dev/sdc1 /​media/​usb_drive1</​code>​
 +  * Change Onweership as required (from root to someone else who needs to access, such as backuppc)
 +    * <​code>​chown -R someuser:​someuser /​media/​usb_drive1</​code>​
 +  * chmod as required as well 
 +    * <​code>​e.g. chmod 700 /​media/​usb_drive1/​backuppc123/</​code>​
 +  * check drive
 +    * <​code>​ls -l /​media/​usb_drive1</​code>​
 +  * Issue command to get the UUID of the USB drive
 +    * <​code>​blkid </​code>​
 +  * Make [[https://​wiki.archlinux.org/​index.php/​fstab|fstab]] entry as
 +    * <​code>​UUID=c7b5556e-f814-40fa-a97d-2ac3b78626d6 /​media/​usb_drive1 ext4  defaults ​       0       ​2</​code>​
 +  * Reboot to make sure the drive auto mounts
 +
 +===== Format USB drive =====
 +  * To format with a cluster size of 32768
 +  * Use the ''​-f,​ --fast, -Q, --quick''​ to avoid zeroing out sectors which can take several hours
 +    * <code bash>​mkntfs -c 32768 /​dev/​sdc1</​code> ​
 +  * Change disk type to NTFS with fdisk
 +    * <code bash>​fdisk /​dev/​sdc</​code>​
 +      * In fdisk, enter: t - //type//, 1 - //first partition//,​ 7 - //ntfs//, w - //write to disk//
 +  * Verify
 +    * <code bash>​fdisk -l /​dev/​sdc</​code>​
 +
 +===== References =====
 +[[https://​help.ubuntu.com/​community/​Mount/​USB]]
 +
 +===== Other Info =====
 +Use command dmesg to check log on usb drive insertion
 +
 +lsusb to list usb devices
 +
  

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